September, 2009Despite the worst economic crisis in decades, renewed national security concerns in a post-9/11 world and an immigration policy many consider to be broken, a new Public Agenda survey finds immigrants themselves hold fast to their belief that America remains the land of opportunity and remain committed to becoming U.S. citizens. These voices are vital as legislators today lay the groundwork for passing immigration reform by President Obama’s 2010 timeline.
The report released by the nonpartisan, nonprofit research organization, Public Agenda, follows up on a groundbreaking 2002 survey and tracks immigrants’ shifting attitudes during a tumultuous period. Conducted in May 2009 and funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, "A Place to Call Home: What Immigrants Say Now About Their Life in America," utilized landline and cellular telephones along with oversamples to provide the widest perspective possible from more than 1,100 foreign-born adults from around the world. In particular, the survey provides new insight into the views of undocumented immigrants, Hispanic and Muslim immigrants.
"Immigrants infuse our society with energy, talent and renewed belief in our cherished institutions, the Constitution, the importance of an impartial justice system and participatory democracy," said Vartan Gregorian, President of Carnegie Corporation of New York. "Their vitality, resilience, determination and the vibrant diversity they offer, nourishes us all."
Gregorian added that the Public Agenda survey underscores immigrants' continued belief in the American dream and a commitment to the ideals of a successful, thriving and pluralistic
Public Agenda has identified five key findings compared with immigrants’ viewpoints in 2002:
1. Concerns about discrimination have held stable and views of federal immigration services have improved.
- Since 2002, there's been essentially no change in those who say there's discrimination against immigrants in the U.S. (62 percent say "some" or "a great deal").
But far fewer immigrants overall say they've experienced much discrimination personally, with 25 percent reporting they've run into "some" or "a great deal." (a small but significant 4-point drop since 2002).
- Mexican and other Latin American immigrants are more likely than any other groups to say there's some or "a great deal" of discrimination against immigrants in the United States (75 percent of Mexicans and 72 percent of Central and South Americans). And though Mexicans are much more likely than other Latin Americans immigrants to say that there is at least some discrimination against people from their birth country, (73 percent of Mexicans, compared with 34 percent of Central and South Americans) they're no more likely to experience at least some discrimination personally (23 percent Mexican, compared with 26 percent of Central and South Americans).
- Muslim immigrants are less likely to say there's much discrimination against immigrants. Some 63 percent of Muslim immigrants say there is little or no discrimination against immigrants, compared with 32 percent of other immigrants.
- Since 2002, the number of people giving positive ratings to federal immigration officials rose to 58 percent from 48 percent among those who had dealings with them, and, of those who had dealings with immigration services within the past ten years, 58 percent say it is easy to get information about immigration and naturalization issues from the government, with 21 percent saying it’s "very easy."
- For more data on discrimination, click here.
2. While economic worries may be taking a toll on overall satisfaction, economic and practical concerns are much more important reasons to become a citizen than they were in 2002.
- Among immigrants, the top reasons to become a citizen are "having equal rights and responsibilities" (80 percent) and the right to vote (78 percent).
- Yet there were significant increases in those who cite making it easier to get certain jobs (69 percent, up 14 points), to make it easier to travel (65 percent, up 14 points) and to qualify for government programs like Medicaid and food stamps (only 36 percent, the lowest on the scale, but still a 14-point increase from 2002).
- Half (52 percent) say it's "very hard" to get a job without knowing English, and a sizable number of immigrants (45 percent) came here without knowing the language. But they're aggressively trying to learn. Seven in ten immigrants who knew very little or no English when they came to the United States say they've taken English classes, up 23 points from 2002.
- Dissatisfaction with the economy may be driving one significant change from 2002. While an overwhelming 87 percent say they're happy with life in the U.S., the number who are "extremely happy" fell from 55 percent to 34 percent.
- Click here for more data on economic concerns and here for reasons to become a citizen.
3. Strong majorities of immigrants surveyed say they made the right choice in coming to the United States.
- Majorities rated the United States as better than their birth country for earning a good living (88 percent), having a trusted legal system (70 percent), making good health care available (67 percent), having a good education system (62 percent), being a good place to raise children (55 percent) and allowing free speech (55 percent).
- Seven in ten (71 percent) say they intend to make the United States their permanent home, and that given the chance they'd do it all over again (a nine-point decline from 2002).
- For more data on commitment, click here.
4. Even as ties to their birth country have grown stronger, immigrants say they can quickly adapt to the United States.
- Seventy-seven percent say they felt comfortable in the U.S. within five years, and nearly half say it took less than two years.
- The number of immigrants who say they call home at least once a week rose from 28 percent to 40 percent, perhaps due to improved telecommunications.
- Those who send money to the birth country "once in a while" increased 14 points, to 44 percent, while those who say they never send money fell from 55 percent to 37 percent.
- For more data on assimilation, click here
5. Immigrants support a range of reform proposals, although support can change by age and ethnic group.
- Seven in ten (72 percent) say that the government should offer a path to citizenship, i.e. a way for illegal immigrants with no criminal record and who have shown a commitment to the United States to become citizens.
- Some 84 percent support a guest worker program, and 61 percent strongly favor it.
- Mexicans are more likely to support a path to citizenship (84 percent), compared with only 62 percent of Middle Easterners, 54 percent of East Asians, and 48 percent of South Asians in favor. Support also declines as people grow older: 85 percent of 18 to 29-year-olds favor the path to citizenship, but only 56 percent of those 65 and older do.
- For more data on policy proposals, click here
To view the entire results of the study, please visit: http://www.publicagenda.org/pages/immigrants.